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Running Faucet

Indian Hill
Pure Water Project

IHPWP is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization dedicated to ensuring the tap water in our community is clean and safe to drink. Since early 2023, we have spent many hours researching potential sources of contamination of the Little Miami aquifer, which supplies our municipality's drinking water; collecting tap water samples for analysis at an independent lab; touring neighboring communities' water treatment facilities; determining which municipal filtration system would work best; and presenting our findings to Indian Hill community leaders. Please join us in our quest for clean water.




Research potential sources of contamination to the Little Miami aquifer and identify threats to our community's water supply.


Collect tap water samples and submit to an independent lab for analysis. Continue monitoring to ensure that our community's water meets safety standards.


Assess the need for the IHWW treatment facility to add a filtration system, determine which type of filtration system works best, and assist IHWW in finding infrastructure grants to help with funding.



As we watched our dad disappear under our kitchen sink (in order to replace the filters in our filtration system), it dawned on us that most of the households in our community do not have a filtration system of their own. We found this concerning. Then in March of 2023, we discovered that our community's tap water contains more than three times the amount of PFOS "forever chemicals" than the proposed USEPA guidelines allow (14.5 ppt vs 4 ppt). At that point, we decided it was time to take action


We believe everyone deserves access to clean drinking water. Therefore, we will work tirelessly to research, analyze, and present our findings to our community and local officials.

Jack & Graham Kruse





On top of the Little Miami River Aquifer is permeable sand, gravel, and bedrock containing fractures. This means our aquifer receives direct recharge from the Little Miami River, precipitation, and runoff.  In 2004, the Ohio EPA performed a source water assessment for our well field and designated it as highly susceptible to contamination due to the geology of the land and the existence of many potential sources of contamination in the area. Water quality analysis of our tap water indicates that contamination of the aquifer is already taking place. Among those chemicals detected is PFOS "forever chemicals."

PFOS “forever chemicals” cause the following health problems:

  • Increase the risk of certain cancers

  • Affect growth, learning, and behavior of infants and children

  • Lower a woman’s chance of getting pregnant

  • Interfere with the body’s natural hormones

  • Increase cholesterol levels

  • Affect the immune system

Potential Sources of Contamination:

We researched potential sources of contamination to determine if a municipal filtration system is necessary for reasons independent of proposed EPA guidelines on “forever chemicals.” They include:

  • The Superfund site located in Old Milford (near the corner of Lila Avenue and Baker) contains large amounts of spilled vinyl chloride, a degreaser used in auto mechanic shops and dry cleaners. Vinyl Chloride was found in the Little Miami aquifer less than one mile from IHWW facility. The plume from the spill has been detected drifting northwest from that area (which is in the direction of the IHWW wellheads).

  • In 2022, a report from Physicians for Social Responsibility found that companies used PFAS in 101 Ohio oil and gas wells since 2013 and Ohio’s disclosure laws make it difficult to determine the extent of PFAS contamination in waterways.

  • Airport runoff containing fire-fighting foam, a source of “forever chemical.” Airports near or adjacent to our aquifer include: Lunken Airport, Wright Patterson Airforce Base, and Warren County Airport. Airport runoff also contains de-icing fluids (propylene glycol).

  • Industrial runoff and discharge from the following businesses: auto mechanic shops, gas stations, asphalt companies, and car washes. 

  • Runoff from leaking septic systems, wastewater treatment plants, and stormwater

  • The Construction debris landfill (near Round Bottom Rd) has been fined for contaminating the LM aquifer with arsenic. This is downstream from our wellhead but it demonstrates the susceptibility of our aquifer. 

  • Agricultural and residential runoff containing the following substances: herbicides, fertilizers, and pesticide. 

  • Chlorine byproducts in our tap water are a result of current practices used by the IHWW to disinfect the water. To reduce these levels, instead of solely relying on chlorinating the water, IHWW could implement filtration and utilizing UV lights. 

  • The many miles of train tracks traversing the land which sits directly on top of the LM aquifer puts our aquifer at risk of becoming contaminated in the event there is a train derailment. Many trains transport toxic chemicals. Train derailments occur an average of 1,400 times per year in the U.S.  See diagram below showing the many railroad tracks above the Little Miami aquifer in southwest Ohio.

On April 10, 2024, the Federal EPA officially enacted new limits on "forever chemicals" in drinking water.

Our community's water treatment facility, Indian Hill Water Works, is no longer in compliance with the EPA's guidelines. Indian Hill Water Works has five years to make sure the PFAS/PFOS levels are below 4 parts per trillion. An expedited approach to reaching compliance is in everyone's best interest because we'll be drinking water that contains unsafe levels "forever chemicals" in the interim. 


Our Team.

Jack and Graham recruited like-minded individuals who all believe clean water is vital to good health and that our mission is attainable and worthy of our efforts.

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